Fleur de lis means literally 'flower of the lily'.
The three petals can be seen as standing for the Holy Trinity.
During the reign of King Louis IX they also came to represent
faith, wisdom, and chivalry. This is not surprising since
King Louis was a monarch endowed with those virtues.
In Louis IX of France were united the qualities of a just
and upright sovereign, a fearless warrior, and a saint.
This crusading king was a living embodiment of the Christianity
of the time: he lived for the welfare of his subjects and the glory of God.
He was king at 11, and 20 years old he married Margaret of Provence
(1221-1295) in 1234. They had eleven children, five sons and six daughters
Read more here and here
King Louis IX. the saint and his wife Margaret of Provence in
1254 to enter the port of Acre, their journey home by anonymous
(oooh, look at the monkey!)
During a crusade, Louis died at Tunis, 25 August 1270,
and was succeeded by his son, Philip III. Louis was traditionally
believed to have died from bubonic plague but the cause
is thought by modern scholars to have been dysentery
King St. Louis presents a reliquary by anonymous
Anonymous: Louis of Guyenne (right), Dauphin of France, receiving
instruction from Saint Louis (Louis IX of France, left), before 1415
Charles of Anjou Tunis goes ashore to meet his dying
brother, Louis IX. France, 1410-1412 by anonymous
Grandes Chroniques de France, Philip III of France, Chapter 1,
New York, Pierpont Morgan Library
Jean Fouquet: 'Battle of Tunis, Death Loius IX', 1455-65
St. Louis IX of France